Mexican wines and wineries from Mexico
1. Situation and climate
This region is situated in the Coahuila and Durango States. It has a desert climate with an average annual temperature of 64.4 ° F (18 °C.)
Two very distinct periods occur in this region; the first one from April to October, has an average annual temperature of over 68 ° F (20 °C ) and the second one, from November to March, has temperatures that vary between 56.48 ° F (13,6 °C) and 66.92 ° F (19,4° C). The lowest average annual temperature occurs in January and the highest in July and August.
The relative humidity varies seasonally. In spring it is 31 %, in summer 16 %, in autumn 53 % and 44 % in the winter.
The typical varieties of vine grown in these wine regions are :
Wine region of Coahuila
Chardonnay - Chenin blanc - Semillon - Colombard
Cabernet Sauvignon - Merlot - Syrah - Tempranillo - Uva Lenoir y Rosa del Peru
In this area 75 % of the grape production is used for distilling and 25% is used for wine production and eating.
In 1568, Spanish conquistadors looking for gold, and priests on a mission to
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Wine production, including quality wines, continues in these areas of Mexico as well, most notably in the La Laguna region, which straddles the states of Coahuila and Durango in the northeast; this is the home of the Parras Valley, the first appellation recognized by the Mexican government. Half of Mexico’s vineyards are in Sonora.
Drawn by the wild grapes and fresh spring water, they settled 10 years later. Among them was Spanish Capt. Don Francisco de Urdiqola, who started the first vineyards in 1593 at his El Rosario Hacienda, today the town's shopping center. In 1597, King Philip II issued a land grant to Don Lorenzo Garcia to start the first official winery for the New World, establishing San Lorenzo Hacienda. But in 1699 the King of Spain, alarmed by competition from the rapidly growing winery, banned production in the Americas except by the church. The ban lasted until Mexico's independence in 1810. Don Evaristo Madero, grandfather of ex-president Madero, bought the winery in 1893. Source: Wince country, Julie Watson of Azcentral.com